Clean, fresh water is the cornerstone of a healthy diet. Most homeowners naturally want to provide their families with a safe, reliable source of drinking water, but municipal water supplies aren’t always up to snuff. This is why water filtration and sanitization systems are growing increasingly popular among many homeowners. If you’d like to take steps to improve the quality of your own drinking water, there are several options available to you.
Filtration Systems – Benefits And Drawbacks
Filtration is still the most common and economical way to improve the quality of drinking water. A variety of different filter materials can be use to significantly reduce or eliminate undesirable contaminants. Common filters include activated carbon, microporous ceramics, and carbon-resin blocks. Water filters are graded based on their porosity, a measurement of the size of contaminants they can screen out. Most good home water filtration systems use multiple filters to provide extensive contaminant blocking and a clean water reservoir to better keep up with demand. Although water filtering systems have a modest initial cost, they require fairly regular maintenance (i.e. replacement of filter cartridges) to remain effective.
Advantages And Disadvantages Of Reverse Osmosis
Reverse osmosis is rising in popularity for home water treatment. The operational principle behind reverse osmosis systems is fairly simple: They use high pressure to push water through a semipermeable membrane. This removes large-scale contaminants and dramatically improves overall water quality. In many home water treatment systems, reverse osmosis is used in combination with filtration to deliver the best possible water quality. Reverse osmosis systems and combination systems are slightly more expensive than most filter systems, but their parts do not wear out as quickly. One hidden drawback to reverse osmosis systems used in the home is that they increase water consumption considerably. Only a small portion of the water that enters a reverse osmosis system is rendered fit for consumption; the remainder is flushed directly into household drains. This make reverse osmosis a very expensive proposition if you live in a community with high water costs.
Microbiological Purification And UV Systems
Two highly effective but relatively rare forms of home water treatment are microbiological filtration and UV treatment. These systems are excellent at eliminating biological contaminants such as bacteria, fungi, and cysts. Microbiological systems operate by the same methods as ordinary filtration systems, but they employ much more restrictive filters. Microbiological filters are usually rigorously tested and EPA-certified. The drawback to such systems is the high cost of the precise filters. Not only are they more expensive than ordinary filters, they also need to be changed more frequently. UV water treatment involves shining ultraviolet light onto water before releasing it for use in the home. This kills the vast majority of microorganisms. There are sharp limits on the maximum flow rates of home UV systems, though, and they require great amounts of electricity.
As you can see, the different types of drinking water systems available for use in your home all have their own strengths and drawbacks. Depending on the characteristics of your water and the amount of money you have to work with, you can usually make a big difference in the quality of the water you drink without investing too much in the process. Check out Ecowaternebraska.